Pain on the inside of the knee can be caused by a variety of conditions, including ligament injuries, cartilage damage, and osteoarthritis. These conditions are often the result of a sports injury, overuse of the knee, or aging. Pain on the inside of the knee can also be caused by issues in other parts of the body, such as the hip and lower back. Sciatic nerve compression can cause pain that radiates down the leg.Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages.
It can be caused by an injury, such as a torn ligament or cartilage, or by medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, and infections. Swelling and inflammation along with medial knee pain may indicate a condition known as swelling on the side of the knee. Rheumatoid arthritis can cause severe pain in the inner part of the knee in the morning that decreases throughout the day.Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a generic term used to describe pain in the front of the knee, specifically around the kneecap. Prepatellar bursitis is another common cause of inner knee pain, particularly among those who work on their knees or who are at risk of being hit in the knee.
Osteoarthritis can cause general pain on the inside of the knee, restrictions on movement, or acute pain when pressure is put on the joint.A knee injury can affect any of the ligaments, tendons, or fluid-filled sacs (bags) that surround the knee joint, as well as the bones, cartilage, and ligaments that make up the joint itself. Treatment usually includes rest, ice, stretching and strengthening exercises to reduce medial knee pain and restore knee stability. If home remedies do not alleviate symptoms after several days or if symptoms worsen, it is important to see a doctor.Perianal bursitis is another common cause of inner knee pain that worsens with resistance knee flexion and exercise, as well as when climbing stairs. Arthritis is also a common cause of pain in the medial part of the knee in people over 50 years old.
To prevent further injury it is important to stop activities that aggravate symptoms. Strengthening muscles in the legs - specifically quadriceps and hamstrings - is one of the most effective ways to treat and prevent knee injuries.If you experience inner knee pain it is important to take steps to ensure a good night's sleep and seek medical help if symptoms worsen. A tear in the cartilage lining of the inner part of the knee joint - known as a meniscus - is another common cause of medial knee pain.