Bursitis is a condition that usually develops due to overuse or constant friction and stress on the bursa. It is common among athletes, particularly runners, and those with knee arthrosis. An injury or excessive use of the joint can also lead to knee bursitis. The bursa is a thin pouch that is not usually detectable, but when it becomes inflamed, it fills with fluid and becomes more susceptible to bursitis.
Anserine bursitis is a type of knee bursitis that causes pain on the inside of the knee, about 2-3 cm below the joint. It is most common in middle-aged women and obese people. Symptoms include pain when climbing or descending stairs, swelling, warmth, stiffness, and pain when touching the affected area. To treat knee bursitis, a knee injection can provide instant relief.
However, it should be used in conjunction with other treatments such as physical therapy and exercises to ensure that the problem does not recur. Protective knee braces can help if you cannot avoid kneeling, and compressive knee braces can reduce swelling. Strengthening your buttocks, quadriceps, and hamstrings can also help relieve pressure on the lumbar bursa. Avoid activities that require bending your knees deeply too often or kneeling on the front of your knees.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention from a qualified professional such as a knee surgeon specializing in sports medicine. They will evaluate if there is swelling inside the knee joints that may indicate septic arthritis (infection in the knee joint). They will also perform a physical examination of the affected area to look for areas where knee bursitis and localized swelling are developing. After diagnosis, they will recommend treatments such as ice bandages, strengthening exercises, and other therapies to reduce pain and swelling.